Famous Italian Historical Personalities

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 1 Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius
24
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 26, 0121
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 17, 0180

Marcus Aurelius played an important role in the Roman Empire. A Stoic philosopher, Marcus was part of the Five Good Emperors and the last emperor of the Pax Romana—a 200-year-long period of relative peace in the Roman Empire. Also a writer, his work Meditations is regarded by many as one of the greatest works of philosophy.

 2 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
9
Famous As: Former Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: February 24, 1500
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ghent
Died: September 21, 1558

Charles V served as the Holy Roman Emperor, King of Italy, and King of Germany from 1519 to 1556. From 1516 to 1556, he ruled as the King of Spain. His personal union of the American and European territories was the first collection of kingdoms that were described the empire on which the Sun never sets.

 3 Hadrian

Hadrian
7
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: January 24, 0076
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Italica, Hispania
Died: July 10, 0138
Hadrian was the Roman emperor from 117 to 138. Though he was married to Vibia Sabina, he was said to have many male lovers. He reconstructed the Pantheon and built the Temple of Venus and Roma. He also supported military discipline and came to be known as a benevolent dictator.
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 4 Cesare Borgia

Cesare Borgia
5
Famous As: Cardinal
Birthdate: September 13, 1475
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome, Papal States
Died: March 12, 1507
Italian politician and condottiero Cesare Borgia was an illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI. He is said to have inspired The Prince by Machiavelli. He was also the first to resign a cardinalate, after his brother died in 1498. He was also the Duke of Valentinois from 1498 to 1507.

 5 Nero

Nero
25
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 15, 0037
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Anzio, Italy
Died: June 9, 0068

Nero was the fifth Roman emperor whose rule was associated with tyranny. Five years into his reign, he had his mother Agrippina killed. The Great Fire of Rome, which occurred during his reign, is believed to have been instigated by him for political reasons. He was also responsible for eliminating many Christians from the empire.

 6 Victor Emmanuel III of Italy

Victor Emmanuel III of Italy
5
Famous As: King of Italy
Birthdate: November 11, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: December 28, 1947
Victor Emmanuel III ruled as the king of Italy from 1900 till 1946. He was also the emperor of Ethiopia and the king of the Albanians. He made Benito Mussolini the Italian prime minister after the March on Rome, but deposed him during the World War II Allied invasion.

 7 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 26, 1194
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Iesi, Marche, Italy
Died: December 13, 1250

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as the King of Sicily, King of Germany, King of Italy, and King of Jerusalem. An avid patron of the arts and science, Frederick played an important role in supporting literature. He promoted the Sicilian School of poetry, which played an influential role in developing literature in Italy.

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 8 Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
7
Famous As: Last Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
Birthdate: February 12, 1768
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: March 2, 1835
Francis II reigned as the last Holy Roman Emperor, from 1792 to 1806, and as the Emperor of Austria (as Francis I), from 1804 to 1835. Francis II fought against Napoleonic France in the Napoleonic Wars and lost at Austerlitz. Eventually, his daughter Marie Louise was married off to Napoleon.

 9 Umberto II of Italy

Umberto II of Italy
5
Famous As: Last King of Italy
Birthdate: September 15, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Castle of Racconigi, Racconigi, Italy
Died: March 18, 1983

Umberto II, the only son of King Victor Emmanuel III, was the last king of Italy and ruled for just 34 days, from May 9 to June 12, 1946, and then went into exile. Also known as Re di Maggio, he was the de facto head of state since 1944.

 10 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)
Birthdate: December 8, 1708
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: August 18, 1765
Married to Maria Theresa, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, was often outshone by his wife. Their marriage was a political step of Maria’s father, Emperor Charles VI. An art connoisseur, Francis was not as much interested in the administrative affairs of his kingdom as he was in the cultural aspects.

 11 Romulus Augustus

Romulus Augustus
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0460 AD
Birthplace: Ravenna
Died: 0476 AD

Romulus Augustus went down in history as the last Western Roman emperor. The son of Orestes, who was killed by German warrior Odoacer, Romulus was spared and allowed to move to southern Italy. Though not much is known of him, it is believed he lived till the rule of Theoderic.

 12 Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
4
Famous As: King of Italy (1861-1878)
Birthdate: March 14, 1820
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Italy
Died: January 9, 1878

Victor Emmanuel II of Italy reigned as the king of Sardinia from 1849 to 1861. He then became the first king of a united Italy in 1861 and reigned as its king until his death in 1878. Since he played a major role in the Second Italian War of Independence, Italians started referring to him as Father of the Fatherland.

 13 Theodoric the Great

Theodoric the Great
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: May 12, 0454
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pannonia
Died: August 30, 0526

 14 Alexander Severus

Alexander Severus
3
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: October 1, 0208
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Arca Caesarea (modern Akkar, Lebanon)
Died: March 19, 0235

Alexander Severus reigned as the Roman emperor from 222 until his death in 235. He was the last emperor of the famous Severan dynasty. Alexander Severus’ death not only brought an end to the Severan dynasty, but also marked the beginning of the Crisis of the Third Century, a period of hardship during which the great Roman Empire almost collapsed.

 15 Vitellius

Vitellius
9
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 22, 0069

 16 Charles IV of Spain

Charles IV of Spain
3
Famous As: King of Spain (1788-1808)
Birthdate: November 11, 1748
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Portici, Italy
Died: January 20, 1819
Charles IV of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1788 to 1808. His reign turned out to be a turning point in the history of Spain for various reasons. His reign is often criticized for allowing Spain to enter a series of unpropitious alliances, which eventually led to his abdication. 

 17 Umberto I of Italy

Umberto I of Italy
3
Famous As: King of Italy (1878-1900)
Birthdate: March 14, 1844
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: July 29, 1900

Umberto I of Italy reigned as the king of Italy from 1878 until his death in 1900. His reign witnessed an attempted colonial expansion by Italy into the Horn of Africa, successfully annexing Somalia and Eritrea. Loathed by anarchists because of his approval of the Bava Beccaris massacre, Umberto I of Italy was assassinated by an anarchist named Gaetano Bresci.

 18 Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

Lucius Tarquinius Superbus
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0495 BC

 19 Julius Nepos

Julius Nepos
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0430 AD
Birthplace: Roman Italy
Died: May 9, 0480

 20 Lucilla

Lucilla
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: March 7, 0150
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0182 AD

 21 Gallienus

Gallienus
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0218 AD
Birthplace: Etruria
Died: 0268 AD

 22 Piero di Cosimo de' Medici

Piero di Cosimo de' Medici
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: September 19, 1416
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: December 2, 1469

 23 Cosimo I

Cosimo I
3
Famous As: Duke of Florence and Tuscany
Birthdate: June 12, 1519
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 21, 1574

 24 Lothair I

Lothair I
3
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: 0795 AD

 25 Amadeo I of Spain

Amadeo I of Spain
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: May 30, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Italy
Died: January 18, 1890

 26 Poppaea Sabina

Poppaea Sabina
3
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: 0030 AD
Birthplace: Pompeii, Italy
Died: 0065 AD

 27 Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies

Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 12, 1751
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Naples, Naples, Italy
Died: January 4, 1825

 28 Marcus Claudius Tacitus

Marcus Claudius Tacitus
3
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: 0200 AD
Birthplace: Terni
Died: May 31, 0276

 29 Roger II of Sicily

Roger II of Sicily
3
Famous As: King of Sicily
Birthdate: December 22, 1095
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mileto, Italy
Died: February 26, 1154

 30 Majorian

Majorian
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: October 31, 0420
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: August 7, 0461

 31 Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence

Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence
3
Famous As: Duke
Birthdate: July 22, 1510
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 6, 1537

 32 Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino

Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: September 12, 1492
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: May 4, 1519

 33 Bohemond I of Antioch

Bohemond I of Antioch
3
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 1054 AD
Birthplace: San Marco Argentano, Italy
Died: March 3, 1111

 34 Margherita of Savoy

Margherita of Savoy
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 20, 1851
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palazzo Chiablese, Turin, Italy
Died: January 4, 1926

 35 Robert I, Duke of Parma

Robert I, Duke of Parma
2
Famous As: Aristocrat
Birthdate: July 9, 1848
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: November 16, 1907

 36 Joanna I of Naples

Joanna I of Naples
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 30, 1325
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Kingdom of Naples, Italy
Died: July 27, 1382

 37 Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0955 AD
Birthplace: Saxony
Died: December 7, 0983

 38 Herod Agrippa II

Herod Agrippa II
2
Famous As: King of Chalcis
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0100 AD

 39 Princess Mafalda of Savoy

Princess Mafalda of Savoy
2
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: November 19, 1902
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: August 27, 1944

 40 Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor

Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: 0825 AD
Died: August 12, 0875

 41 Charles Albert of Sardinia

Charles Albert of Sardinia
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: October 2, 1798
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: July 28, 1849

 42 Maria Luisa of Parma

Maria Luisa of Parma
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 9, 1751
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Parma, Italy
Died: January 2, 1819

 43 Avitus

Avitus
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0390 AD
Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, France
Died: 0457 AD

 44 Bona Sforza

Bona Sforza
2
Birthdate: February 2, 1494
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vigevano
Died: November 19, 1557

 45 Romanos IV Diogenes

Romanos IV Diogenes
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1030 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: 1072 AD

 46 Pepin of Italy

Pepin of Italy
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 31, 0773
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Francia
Died: July 8, 0810

 47 Francis II of the Two Sicilies

Francis II of the Two Sicilies
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 16, 1836
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: December 27, 1894

 48 Francesco I Sforza

Francesco I Sforza
2
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: July 23, 1401
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Miniato, Italy
Died: March 8, 1466

 49 Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies

Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 12, 1810
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Palermo, Italy
Died: May 22, 1859

 50 Tullus Hostilius

Tullus Hostilius
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0710 BC
Died: 0641 AD