Famous Italian Chemists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Amedeo Avogadro

Amedeo Avogadro
Famous As: Chemist and Physicist
Birthdate: August 9, 1776
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: July 9, 1856

Son of a reputed senator and lawyer in Italy, Amedeo Avogadro was himself a qualified lawyer. However, he later delved into research as a mathematical physicist and is best remembered for laying down the Avogadro’s law, contributing to the molecular theory of gases. The Avogadro constant is named after him.

 2 Gerolamo Cardano

Gerolamo Cardano
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: September 24, 1501
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pavia, Italy
Died: September 21, 1576

Italian polymath Gerolamo Cardano is best known for his iconic work Ars magna, or The Great Art, which contributed immensely to the field of algebra. Throughout his illustrious life, he had been a physician, a math lecturer, and an astrologer. He was also the first to describe typhus fever clinically.

 3 Stanislao Cannizzaro

Stanislao Cannizzaro
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 13, 1826
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Palermo, Italy
Died: May 10, 1910
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 4 Giulio Natta

Giulio Natta
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Imperia, Italy
Died: May 2, 1979

Giulio Natta was an Italian chemist whose work on high polymers alongside Karl Ziegler earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963. He is also credited with developing Ziegler-Natta catalyst, which is named after him and Karl Ziegler. During his illustrious career, Giulio Natta won many other prestigious awards, such as the Lomonosov Gold Medal in 1969.

 5 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli

Giovanni Antonio Scopoli
Famous As: Physician and Naturalist
Birthdate: June 3, 1723
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cavalese, Italy
Died: May 8, 1788

 6 Vincenzo Dandolo

Vincenzo Dandolo
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 22, 1758
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: December 12, 1819

 7 Francesco Selmi

Francesco Selmi
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: April 7, 1817
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vignola, Italy
Died: August 13, 1881
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 8 Domenico Guglielmini

Domenico Guglielmini
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 27, 1655
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: July 27, 1710

Domenico Guglielmini is regarded as the pioneer of the Italian school of hydraulics, though he initially worked on astronomy. Apart from being a professor of hydrometry and mathematics, he was also a part-time physician, but eventually quit his research on hydraulics to focus on medicine full-time.