One of the 3 national saints of Ireland, Brigid of Kildare is regarded as the patron saint of children born to abusive and unwed parents, dairy and poultry farmers, and travelers. Some believe she wasn’t a real person and was rather another version of the Celtic goddess Brigid.
Ian Paisley was a Northern Irish politician who served as Leader of the Democratic Unionist Party from 1971 to 2008. From 2007 to 2008, he served as the First Minister of Northern Ireland. Also a Protestant religious leader, Paisley is credited with co-founding the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster, of which he was the leader until 2008.
Christian missionary Columbanus is known as one of the most prominent figures of the Celtic church. He established the monasteries of Luxovium and Fontaines and was also one of the first Hiberno-Latin authors. Hounded out for his criticism of the Burgundian court, he went to places such as Italy and Switzerland.
Catholic nun Catherine McAuley is best remembered as the founder of the Religious Sisters of Mercy. Orphaned as a child, she was raised by Protestant foster parents and later built The House of Mercy, catering to orphans and homeless women, with her inheritance. Her congregation focuses on education of the poor.
Irish Catholic nun Clare Crockett initially aspired to be an actor and even appeared in the TV drama Sunday. She later ditched her reckless lifestyle and became Sister Clare Maria after a spiritual experience in Spain. She died in the 2016 Ecuador earthquake. The film All or Nothing speaks about her journey.
Born in Ireland, Saint Piran studied the scriptures in Rome and was then made a bishop. Known for his miracles such as surviving being flung into the sea. He later built a chapel in Perranporth. He is said to have discovered tin and is thus regarded as the patron saint of tinners.
Alexander Campbell was a Scots-Irish immigrant who went on to become an ordained minister in America. He then joined forces with his father and led a reform effort, which came to be known as the Restoration Movement. Also referred to as the Stone-Campbell Movement, it helped develop non-denominational Christian churches.
The first Chief Rabbi of Ireland, Isaac Halevi Herzog had later also been the Chief Rabbi of Palestine and, later, of Israel. He is remembered for his efforts in merging the traditional Jewish beliefs with modern living requirements. He also made contributions to resolve the Arab–Jewish conflict of Palestine.
One of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland, Cainnech of Aghaboe, also known as Saint Canice, was an abbot and missionary who Christianized much of Ireland and Scotland. He finds mention in Adomnán’s Life of St. Columba. He is regarded as the patron saint of shipwrecked people.
Irish abbot Ciarán of Clonmacnoise was born to a carpenter and spent his initial days as a cattle herder. He is remembered as one of the pioneers of monasticism in Ireland. He set up an abbey in Clonmacnoise, which he developed as a valuable center for scholars and monks.
U Dhammaloka went from being a Dublin-born alcoholic cabin boy who was often dragged into violence, to spreading peace as the first Western Buddhist monk in Burma. Initially a vagrant, he immigrated to the US and then to Japan, working at sea, and eventually to the Burmese port city of Rangoon.
Once the archbishop of Dublin, Paul Cullen was also the first Irish cardinal. Although he played a major role in the national movement of 1850–1852, he clashed with extreme nationalists and thus quit his clergy to step into politics. He supported papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council.
Born in Ireland, Fridolin of Säckingen later set up many churches among the Franks and Alamanni. Starting his missionary work in Ireland, he later traveled to France and all the way to the Rhine. He is the patron saint of many places in France, Germany, and Switzerland.
Irish monk Marianus Scotus is remembered as a chronicler who penned the history of the Earth from its inception to 1082. His German treatise Chronicon rejected the Paschal calendar, saying it had mentioned Christ’s birth to have taken place 22 years earlier than the actual date.
Irish nun Mother Marie Joseph Butler is best remembered for establishing the Marymount Schools in the US and Europe. Part of the Roman Catholic order Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary, she later became a US citizen. Her writings were posthumously published as As An Eagle.
Irish-born Mother Teresa Lalor co-founded the first monastery of the Visitation Order in the US, with Leonard Neale, the first Catholic bishop of the US. She had also assisted him in charitable activities during the 1797-98 yellow fever epidemic. She was also the first superior of the Visitation Order.
Irish-born nun Julia McGroarty later moved to the US and became one of its leading educators. Part of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, she was the first American to be the superior of the order. She also established Washington’s Trinity College, which later became the Trinity Washington University.