Laurie Baker was an England-born Indian architect best remembered for his initiatives in energy-efficient, cost-effective designs and architecture that maximized ventilation and space while maintaining an uncluttered and striking aesthetic sensibility. Nicknamed the Gandhi of architecture, Baker promoted the use of local materials and the revival of regional building practices. He was honored with many awards like the Padma Shri.
Nek Chand was an Indian artist, architect, and sculptor. He is best remembered for building an 18-acre sculpture garden named the Rock Garden of Chandigarh which is visited by millions of people annually. In 1984, Nek Chand was honored with India's fourth-highest civilian award, the Padma Shri.