Famous Hungarian Philosophers

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 1 
Count of St. Germain
(European Adventurer and Philosopher)
Count of St. Germain
5
Birthdate: 1691 AD
Birthplace: Sárospatak, Hungary
Died: February 27, 1784

Known as The Wonderman, 18th-century French adventurer Comte de Saint-Germain was also a talented musician, especially skilled in the violin, and a well-known chemist. Not only was he proficient in almost all European languages, he had traveled to places such as Russia, the Dutch Republic, and Germany.

 2 
György Lukács
(Hungarian Marxist Philosopher, Literary Historian and One of the Founders of Western Marxism)
György Lukács
7
Birthdate: April 13, 1885
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: June 4, 1971

One of the pioneers of Western Marxism, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic György Lukács also taught at the University of Budapest and later became a major pillar of the Hungarian uprising. His best-known written works include Soul and Form and The Historical Novel, apart from his books on Goethe, Lenin, and Marx.

 3 
Karl Polanyi
(Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian, Historian, Journalist, Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Sociologist)
Karl Polanyi
3
Birthdate: October 25, 1886
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: April 23, 1964

Apart from being a political economist, Karl Polanyi was also a prominent Hungarian political leader. The Great Transformation remains his best-known work. He taught at institutes such as the Columbia University and is known for proposing the idea of a cultural version of economics known as substantivism.

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 4 
Imre Lakatos
(Philosopher of Mathematics and Science Who Introduced the Concept of 'Research Program')
Imre Lakatos
3
Birthdate: November 9, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Debrecen, Hungary
Died: February 2, 1974
Hungarian Jewish philosopher Imre Lakatos is best known for developing the research programme as a methodology. During the Nazi invasion of Hungary, he had joined a Marxist resistance group and had even changed his surname to evade persecution, though he lost his mother and grandmother in the Holocaust.
 5 
Ervin Laszlo
(Philosopher)
Ervin Laszlo
2
Birthdate: June 12, 1932
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary

Hungarian philosopher and systems scientist Ervin Laszlo is best known for his support of the theory of quantum consciousness. The 2-time Nobel Peace Prize nominee has established organizations such as the Club of Budapest and the Laszlo Institute of New Paradigm Research. He was a piano prodigy in childhood.

 6 
Paul Halmos
(Mathematician, Philosopher, Statistician)
Paul Halmos
2
Birthdate: March 3, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: October 2, 2006

Born in Hungary, Paul Halmos moved to the US with his family at 13. While he initially set out to complete a PhD in philosophy, he later focused on math. One of The Martians from Hungary, he is known for his contributions to areas such as logic, probability, and statistics.

 7 
Ágnes Heller
(Philosopher)
Ágnes Heller
4
Birthdate: May 12, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: July 19, 2019

A significant figure of the Budapest school of philosophy, Hungarian philosopher and educator Ágnes Heller lost her father at Auschwitz. She grew up to teach at the New School for Social Research for over 2 decades and is remembered for books such as Renaissance Man and The Theory of Need in Marx.

 8 
Valéria Dienes
(Hungarian Philosopher, Dancer and Choreographer)
Valéria Dienes
0
Birthdate: May 25, 1879
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Szekszárd, Hungary
Died: June 8, 1978

Apart from being one of the first female university graduates from Hungary, Valéria Dienes was a pioneering dancer and choreographer, who revolutionized the field of movement art. Initially interested in math, she later deviated to music and psychology, and eventually to dance, developing the orchestics system of movement.