Known as The Wonderman, 18th-century French adventurer Comte de Saint-Germain was also a talented musician, especially skilled in the violin, and a well-known chemist. Not only was he proficient in almost all European languages, he had traveled to places such as Russia, the Dutch Republic, and Germany.
One of the pioneers of Western Marxism, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic György Lukács also taught at the University of Budapest and later became a major pillar of the Hungarian uprising. His best-known written works include Soul and Form and The Historical Novel, apart from his books on Goethe, Lenin, and Marx.
Apart from being a political economist, Karl Polanyi was also a prominent Hungarian political leader. The Great Transformation remains his best-known work. He taught at institutes such as the Columbia University and is known for proposing the idea of a cultural version of economics known as substantivism.
Hungarian philosopher and systems scientist Ervin Laszlo is best known for his support of the theory of quantum consciousness. The 2-time Nobel Peace Prize nominee has established organizations such as the Club of Budapest and the Laszlo Institute of New Paradigm Research. He was a piano prodigy in childhood.
Born in Hungary, Paul Halmos moved to the US with his family at 13. While he initially set out to complete a PhD in philosophy, he later focused on math. One of The Martians from Hungary, he is known for his contributions to areas such as logic, probability, and statistics.
A significant figure of the Budapest school of philosophy, Hungarian philosopher and educator Ágnes Heller lost her father at Auschwitz. She grew up to teach at the New School for Social Research for over 2 decades and is remembered for books such as Renaissance Man and The Theory of Need in Marx.
Apart from being one of the first female university graduates from Hungary, Valéria Dienes was a pioneering dancer and choreographer, who revolutionized the field of movement art. Initially interested in math, she later deviated to music and psychology, and eventually to dance, developing the orchestics system of movement.