Famous Hungarian Inventors & Discoverers

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 John von Neumann

John von Neumann
Famous As: Mathematician, Computer Scientist, Physicist
Birthdate: December 28, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: February 8, 1957
Hungarian-American scientist John von Neumann contributed to the development of game theory and the concept of self-replication. His work covered vast areas including math, economics, physics, and computer science. His research on nuclear physics led him to be part of the advisory committee of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

 2 László Bíró

László Bíró
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: September 29, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: October 24, 1985

Starting his career as a journalist, László Bíró also tried his hand at Surrealist painting in his early days. Trying to come up with a writing device that would use a fast-drying ink type, he invented the ballpoint pen. Invited by the Argentine government, he set up his pen manufacturing company there.

 3 Erno Rubik

Erno Rubik
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: July 13, 1944
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Budapest

A professor of design and architecture, Erno Rubik is the man behind the Rubik’s Cube. The Hungarian inventor himself took a month to solve his Rubik’s Cube puzzle, before marketing it worldwide as a popular game. He later also invented Rubik’s Magic and now promotes problem solving and mathematics. 

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 4 Dennis Gabor

Dennis Gabor
Famous As: Father of Holography
Birthdate: June 5, 1900
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: February 8, 1979

Dennis Gabor was a Hungarian-British physicist and electrical engineer best remembered for inventing holography. His invention earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1971. Gabor won several awards during his lifetime. After his demise, many awards are given in his honor. The Dennis Gabor Award and Gabor Medal are some of the awards that are named after him.

 5 Anyos Jedlik

Anyos Jedlik
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: January 11, 1800
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Szimő, Kingdom of Hungary
Died: December 13, 1895

A Benedictine priest, Anyos Jedlik also taught physics and is often termed the unknown inventor of the first electric car, though Carl Benz later patented the motorcar for producing the first automobile series. His invention of the dynamo, which he didn’t speak of for years, was later credited to Werner von Siemens.

 6 Wolfgang von Kempelen

Wolfgang von Kempelen
Famous As: Author and inventor, known for his chess-playing "automaton" hoax The Turk and for his speaking machine
Birthdate: January 23, 1734
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bratislava, Slovakia
Died: March 26, 1804

Known as an eccentric thinker, Wolfgang von Kempelen is best remembered for his automatic chess-playing machine The Turk and his speaking machine. The Turk eventually turned out to be a hoax, designed by Kempelen to impress Maria Theresa, the Austrian Empress, and had human chess players operating it.

 7 Peter Carl Goldmark

Peter Carl Goldmark
Famous As: Engineer, Physicist
Birthdate: December 2, 1906
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: December 7, 1977

Hungarian-American engineer Peter Carl Goldmark contributed to many pathbreaking inventions, of which the most notable was the commercial color TV and the LP record. Known for his stint with Columbia Records, he also developed a scanning system used by the US to relay photos from the Moon to the Earth.

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 8 Otto Blathy

Otto Blathy
Famous As: Electrical engineer
Birthdate: August 11, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tata, Hungary
Died: September 26, 1939

In his 20s, Hungarian inventor Otto Blathy co-invented the transformer and various other engines and motors that are used in AC technology. In spite of being born into an affluent merchant family, he pursued science. Apart from his interest in electrical engineering, he was also known for authoring various chess problems.

 9 David Schwarz

David Schwarz
Famous As: Inventor known for creating an airship with a rigid envelope made entirely of metal
Birthdate: December 20, 1850
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Keszthely, Hungary
Died: January 13, 1897

 10 Kalman Tihanyi

Kalman Tihanyi
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: April 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zbehy, Slovakia
Died: February 26, 1947

Hungarian physicist and engineer Kalman Tihanyi had initially been part of the Hungarian Royal Army. He later made significant contributions to the development of the cathode ray tube with his invention Radioskop and was thus a pioneering figure in the development of the electronic TV.