1

Pythagoras

(Greek Philosopher, Mathematician and Founder of Pythagoreanism)

**Birthdate:**0570 BC

**Birthplace:**Samos, Greece

**Died:**0495 BC

Pythagoras of Samos was an ancient Ionian Greek philosopher known for founding Pythagoreanism. He established a school in Croton, Italy, where initiates lived an ascetic lifestyle. Pythagoras made significant contributions to mathematics and science, including the Pythagorean theorem and Pythagorean tuning. He also proposed the "transmigration of souls" and the concept of musica universalis. Pythagoras's teachings influenced prominent philosophers like Plato and Aristotle, as well as later scientists such as Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton. His legacy continued to impact various fields throughout history, including art and esotericism.