Fritz Haber was a German chemist who was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry for inventing the Haber-Bosch process. The process is used widely to synthesize ammonia from hydrogen gas and nitrogen gas. For his pioneering work in weaponizing poisonous gases like chlorine during World War I, Haber is referred to as the father of chemical warfare.
Wilhelm Ostwald was a Baltic German philosopher and chemist who is credited with co-founding the field of physical chemistry. A polymath, Ostwald made significant contributions to philosophy, art, and politics, especially after his retirement from academic life. His contributions to the fields of reaction velocities, chemical equilibria, and catalysis earned him the 1909 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Walther Nernst was a German chemist best remembered for his work in physical chemistry, thermodynamics, solid state physics, and electrochemistry. He is credited with formulating the Nernst heat theorem, which was in turn used in the formulation of the third law of thermodynamics. Walther Nernst received the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in the year 1920.
Paul Walden was a chemist best remembered for his work in stereochemistry. He is credited with inventing the stereochemical reaction, which came to be known as Walden inversion. Over the course of his illustrious career, Paul Walden was honored with several prestigious awards, including the Gmelin-Beilstein Medal in 1954.
Carl Wagner was a German physical chemist best remembered for his pioneering work on materials chemistry. His work on counter diffusion of ions, defect chemistry, and oxidation rate theory led to a greater understanding of the reactions at the atomic level. Regarded as the father of solid state chemistry, Carl Wagner received several awards including the Willis R. Whitney Award.
Max Volmer was a German physical chemist best remembered for making prominent contributions in the field of electrochemistry. He is also remembered for co-developing the Butler–Volmer equation, one of the most basic relationships in electrochemical kinetics. Max Volmer also worked at the Humboldt University of Berlin as a professor.