Famous Chinese Scientists

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 1 
Sun Tzu
(Chinese Military Strategist, Writer and Philosopher)
Sun Tzu
5
Birthdate: 0544 AD
Birthplace: Qi, China
Died: 0496 AD
Sun Tzu was a Chinese general from the Eastern Zhou period. He is known to have written The Art of War, which propagated various alternatives to battles, such as alliances and use of spies, to win wars. He is said to be the same as Sun Wu and Sun Bin.
 2 
Tu Youyou
(chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university teacher)
Tu Youyou
6
Birthdate: December 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ningbo

Chinese phytochemist and malariologist Tu Youyou is best remembered for her Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the anti-malarial drug qinghaosu, or artemisinin. She is the first Chinese female Nobel laureate. A tuberculosis infection in her younger days had inspired her to step into medicine. She later studied traditional Chinese medicine, too.

 3 
Wen Jiabao
(Politician, Geologist, Economist)
Wen Jiabao
4
Birthdate: September 15, 1942
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tianjin

Wen Jiabao is a retired Chinese politician who served as the country's head of government from 2003 to 2013. As Premier, Wen Jiabao played a major role in directing Beijing's economic policy. Nicknamed the people's premier, Wen worked towards bettering the lives of migrant workers and farmers rather than focusing on GDP growth in rich coastal areas and large cities.  

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 4 
Li Ching-Yuen
(Herbalist)
Li Ching-Yuen
6
Birthplace: Chongqing, China
Died: May 6, 1933

Li Ching-Yuen was a Chinese martial artist, herbalist, and tactical advisor. Li Ching-Yuen, who is believed to have lived off a diet of rice wine and exotic herbs throughout his life, is best remembered for his extreme longevity claim. According to his claim, Li Ching-Yuen lived for 250 years, although gerontologists consider that to be a myth.

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 5 
Chen Ning Yang
(Physicist)
Chen Ning Yang
3
Birthdate: October 1, 1922
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hefei, Anhui Province, China

Chen Ning Yang is a Chinese theoretical physicist known for his significant contributions to statistical mechanics, gauge theory, integrable systems, and both particle physics and condensed matter physics. He and Tsung-Dao Lee were awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on parity nonconservation of weak interaction. The men also elucidated the Lee-Yang circle theorem. 

 6 
Chien-Shiung Wu
(Pioneering Chinese-American Particle and Experimental Physicist Remembered for the 'Wu Experiment')
Chien-Shiung Wu
3
Birthdate: May 31, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Liuhe, Taicang, China
Died: February 16, 1997

Known as the Chinese Marie Curie, Chien-Shiung Wu was a Chinese-American physicist who specialized in particle and experimental physics. She is best known for her Wu experiment. A National Medal of Science winner, she was part of the Manhattan Project, too. She taught at various institutes, including Princeton and Columbia.

 7 
Tsung-Dao Lee
(Physicist)
Tsung-Dao Lee
3
Birthdate: November 24, 1926
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Shanghai, China

Tsung-Dao Lee is a Chinese-American physicist renowned for his work on particle physics, parity violation, soliton stars, nontopological solitons, and the Lee Model. In 1957, he became the third-youngest person to be awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in the science fields; he won the Nobel Prize in Physics. He is also the first Chinese Nobel laureate. 

 8 
Shiing-Shen Chern
(One of the 20th Century's Greatest Mathematicians)
Shiing-Shen Chern
3
Birthdate: October 26, 1911
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jiaxing
Died: December 3, 2004

Shiing-Shen Chern was a Chinese-American poet and mathematician. He is best remembered for making significant contributions to topology and differential geometry. Referred to as the father of modern differential geometry, Shiing-Shen Chern is widely regarded as one of the 20th century's greatest mathematicians. He won several prestigious awards, such as the National Medal of Science, Wolf Prize, and Lobachevsky Medal.

 9 
Zhang Heng
(Chinese Polymath Who Invented the World's First Seismoscope)
Zhang Heng
3
Birthdate: 0078 AD
Birthplace: Nanyang
Died: 0139 AD

Chinese polymath Zhang Heng, or Chang Heng, was, at the same time, a mathematician, an astronomer, a geographer, a poet, a seismologist, an artist, and much more. His countless inventions include the world's first seismoscope. He documented over 2,000 stars and modified the Chinese calculations for pi.

 10 
Shen Kuo
(physicist, cartographer, mathematician, astronomer, poet)
Shen Kuo
3
Birthdate: 1031 AD
Birthplace: Hangzhou, China
Died: 1095 AD

Shen Kuo was an eleventh century Chinese statesman and polymath, best remembered for authoring Mengxi bitan. Initially employed with central government, he had a successful career before he was banished on false charges, a move that allowed him to produce several scholarly books on mathematics, music, astronomy, calendars, cartography, geology, optics and medicine, out of which many were later purged.

 11 
Su Song
(Chinese Statesman and Polymathic Scientist of 11th Century)
Su Song
3
Birthdate: 1020 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 1101 AD

Su Song was a Chinese statesman and polymathic scientist. Best remembered for his contributions to various fields of study, Song was accomplished in astronomy, geography, cartography, mathematics, pharmacology, horology, mineralogy, botany, zoology, hydraulic engineering, mechanical engineering, poetry, art, philosophy, and statesmanship. Su Song is also remembered for his work on an astronomical clock tower, which implemented an early escapement mechanism.

 12 
Samuel C. C. Ting
(Nobel Prize-Winning US Physicist Who Co-Discovered the J/ψ Meson Nuclear Particle)
Samuel C. C. Ting
3
Birthdate: January 27, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States

Nobel Prize-winning US physicist Samuel C. C. Ting is best known for co-discovering the J/ψ meson nuclear particle. He taught the prestigious Columbia University and MIT. He was associated with CERN in Geneva, too. He is also known for his pioneering research on the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer.

 13 
Andrew Yao
(Chinese Computational Theorist and Computer Scientist Who Used the Minimax Theorem to Prove Yao's Principle)
Andrew Yao
3
Birthdate: December 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Shanghai, China

Andrew Yao is a Chinese computational theorist and computer scientist. He is best known for using the minimax theorem to prove Yao's Principle. He is the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Knuth Prize, the Turing Award, and the Kyoto Prize. Andrew Yao is currently working as a professor at Tsinghua University.

 14 
Xu Guangqi
(Ming Dynasty Official and One of the Most Prominent Chinese Converts to Christianity)
Xu Guangqi
2
Birthdate: April 24, 1562
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shanghai, Songjiang, Southern Zhili, China
Died: November 8, 1633

Xu Guangqi, or Paul, was a Chinese official of the Ming dynasty and one of the most prominent Chinese converts before the 20th century. An agronomist, a mathematician, an astronomer, a politician, and an author, he translated many Western works. He was also known as one of the Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism.

 15 
Zu Chongzhi
(Chinese Astronomer, Mathematician, Politician, Inventor and Writer)
Zu Chongzhi
2
Birthdate: 0429 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 0500 AD

Chinese astronomer, engineer, and mathematician Zu Chongzhi is best remembered for calculating near-accurate approximations for π. He rejected the then-prevalent Yuanjia calendar and introduced the Daming calendar instead. He had also worked on the mathematical theory of music, though his writings haven’t survived the test of time.

 16 
Li Shizhen
(Chinese Pharmacologist and Scholar Who Compiled the Treatise Compendium of Materia Medica)
Li Shizhen
2
Birthdate: July 3, 1518
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: China
Died: 1593 AD

Chinese pharmacologist and scholar of the Ming dynasty Li Shizhen is remembered for his elaborate compilation Compendium of Materia Medica, which offered descriptions of over 1,000 drugs and provided instructions for about 11,000 prescriptions. His book was a benchmark in Chinese medicine and was translated into several languages.

 17 
Fang Lizhi
(Chinese Astrophysicist and Activist Who Partly Inspired the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests)
Fang Lizhi
2
Birthdate: February 12, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: April 6, 2012

Chinese astrophysicist and activist Fang Lizhi inspired the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. The dissident was expelled from the Chinese Communist Party for his activities, but that didn’t stop his research, which took him to institutes in the US and Great Britain. He also taught at the University of Arizona.

 18 
Liu Hui
(Chinese Mathematician Who Wrote The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art)
Liu Hui
2
Birthdate: 0225 AD
Birthplace: Zibo, China
Died: 0295 AD

Chinese mathematician of the 3rd century, Liu Hui lived in the Cao Wei region during the Three Kingdoms period. He is remembered for his commentary Jiuzhang suanshu, or The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, which included his scientific writings on topics such as the Pythagorean theorem and solid geometry.

 19 
Zhang Zhongjing
(Physician)
Zhang Zhongjing
2
Birthdate: 0150 AD
Birthplace: Nanyang, China
Died: 0219 AD

Han dynasty physician and inventor Zhang Zhongjing, also known as The Chinese Hippocrates, is remembered for his iconic treatise on the medical practice of his time, Treatise on Febrile and Other Diseases, which later greatly influenced the methods of Chinese traditional medicine. He specialized in the study of typhoid fever.

 20 
Yang Hui
(Mathematician)
Yang Hui
2
Birthdate: 1238 AD
Birthplace: Qiantang, China
Died: 1298 AD
 21 
Wang Chong
(Meteorologist)
Wang Chong
2
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Shangyu District, Shaoxing, China
Died: 0100 AD
 22 
Lap-Chee Tsui
(Geneticist, University teacher)
Lap-Chee Tsui
1
Birthdate: December 21, 1950
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Shanghai, China
 23 
Qin Jiushao
(Mathematician)
Qin Jiushao
1
Birthdate: 1202 AD
Birthplace: Puzhou, China
Died: 1261 AD

Chinese mathematician, meteorologist, and writer Qin Jiushao is remembered for developing a method to solve simultaneous linear equations and polynomial equations, mentioned in detail in his only book, Shushu jiuzhang. Though he became the Qiongzhou governor, he was later dismissed for corruption. He had also initially served the army.

 24 
Wei Yuan
(Scholar)
Wei Yuan
1
Birthdate: April 23, 1794
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shaoyang, China
Died: March 26, 1857
 25 
Zhu Shijie
(Mathematician)
Zhu Shijie
1
Birthdate: 1249 AD
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: 1314 AD
 26 
Jia Xian
(Mathematician)
Jia Xian
1
Birthdate: 1010 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1070 AD
 27 
Tso-hsin Cheng
(Ornithologist)
Tso-hsin Cheng
1
Birthdate: November 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fuzhou, China
Died: June 27, 1998
 28 
Tao Hongjing
(Writer)
Tao Hongjing
1
Birthdate: 0456 AD
Birthplace: Nanjing, China
Died: 0536 AD
 29 
Li Chunfeng
(Mathematician)
Li Chunfeng
1
Birthdate: 0602 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 0670 AD

Chinese mathematician and astronomer Li Chunfeng rejected the existing Wuyin calendar and redesigned it later, creating the Linde calendar, using a new armillary sphere, as part of the Imperial Astronomical Bureau. He also wrote several mathematical and historical treatises, apart from contributing to music, metrology, and astrology.

 30 
Minggantu
(Astronomer)
Minggantu
2
Birthdate: 1692 AD
Birthplace: Inner Mongolia, China
Died: 1763 AD
 31 
Li Ye
(Mathematician)
Li Ye
1
Birthdate: 1192 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 1279 AD
 32 
Zu Gengzhi
(Mathematician)
Zu Gengzhi
2
Birthdate: 0480 AD
Birthplace: Jiankang, China
Died: 0525 AD
 33 
Li Shanlan
(Mathematician)
Li Shanlan
0
Birthdate: 1810 AD
Birthplace: Haining, China
Died: 1882 AD
 34 
Jia Lanpo
(Palaeoanthropologist)
Jia Lanpo
0
Birthdate: November 25, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Yutian County, Hebei, Tangshan, China
Died: July 8, 2001
 35 
Li Shaojun
(Chinese Daoist)
Li Shaojun
0
Birthdate: 0133 AD
Birthplace: China
 36 
Bei Shizhang
(Politician)
Bei Shizhang
0
Birthdate: October 10, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Zhenhai District, Ningbo, China
Died: October 29, 2009
 37 
Wang Xiaotong
(Mathematician)
Wang Xiaotong
0
Birthdate: 0580 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 0640 AD
 38 
Xu Yue
(Mathematician)
Xu Yue
0
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Birthplace: Donglai, China
Died: 0227 AD
 39 
Mei Juecheng
(Politician)
Mei Juecheng
0
Birthdate: May 19, 1681
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Xuancheng, China
Died: November 20, 1763
 40 
Li Rui
(Mathematician)
Li Rui
0
Birthdate: December 8, 1768
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Suzhou, China
Died: June 30, 1817
 41 
Zhao Youqin
(Mathematician)
Zhao Youqin
0
Birthdate: July 26, 1271
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Poyang, China
Died: 1335 AD
 42 
Hua Hengfang
(Mathematician)
Hua Hengfang
0
Birthdate: 1833 AD
Birthplace: Wuxi, China
Died: 1902 AD
 43 
Mei Wending
(Writer)
Mei Wending
1
Birthdate: 1633 AD
Birthplace: Xuancheng, China
Died: 1721 AD
 44 
Zhi zao Li
(Mathematician)
Zhi zao Li
1
Birthdate: 1565 AD
Birthplace: Hangzhou, China
Died: December 1, 1630