Famous Chinese Scientists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Li Ching-Yuen

Li Ching-Yuen
Famous As: Herbalist
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Chongqing, China
Died: May 6, 1933

Li Ching-Yuen was a Chinese martial artist, herbalist, and tactical advisor. Li Ching-Yuen, who is believed to have lived off a diet of rice wine and exotic herbs throughout his life, is best remembered for his extreme longevity claim. According to his claim, Li Ching-Yuen lived for 250 years, although gerontologists consider that to be a myth.

 2 Tu Youyou

Tu Youyou
Famous As: chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university teacher
Birthdate: December 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ningbo

Chinese phytochemist and malariologist Tu Youyou is best remembered for her Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the anti-malarial drug qinghaosu, or artemisinin. She is the first Chinese female Nobel laureate. A tuberculosis infection in her younger days had inspired her to step into medicine. She later studied traditional Chinese medicine, too.

 3 Charles K. Kao

Charles K. Kao
Famous As: Electrical Engineer
Birthdate: November 4, 1933
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shanghai, China
Died: September 23, 2018

Nobel Prize-winning Chinese physicist Charles K. Kao is best remembered for his discovery of how light is transmitted through fibre-optic cables. Named the Godfather of Broadband, he was also knighted by the U.K. Following his diagnosis of Alzheimer disease, he co-founded the Charles K. Kao Foundation for Alzheimer’s Disease.

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 4 Wen Jiabao

Wen Jiabao
Famous As: Politician, Geologist, Economist
Birthdate: September 15, 1942
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tianjin

Wen Jiabao is a retired Chinese politician who served as the country's head of government from 2003 to 2013. As Premier, Wen Jiabao played a major role in directing Beijing's economic policy. Nicknamed the people's premier, Wen worked towards bettering the lives of migrant workers and farmers rather than focusing on GDP growth in rich coastal areas and large cities.  

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 5 Chen Ning Yang

Chen Ning Yang
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 1, 1922
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hefei, Anhui Province, China

Chen Ning Yang is a Chinese theoretical physicist known for his significant contributions to statistical mechanics, gauge theory, integrable systems, and both particle physics and condensed matter physics. He and Tsung-Dao Lee were awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on parity nonconservation of weak interaction. The men also elucidated the Lee-Yang circle theorem. 

 6 Chien-Shiung Wu

Chien-Shiung Wu
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: May 31, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Liuhe, Taicang, China
Died: February 16, 1997

 7 Shiing-Shen Chern

Shiing-Shen Chern
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: October 26, 1911
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jiaxing
Died: December 3, 2004
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 8 Tsung-Dao Lee

Tsung-Dao Lee
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 24, 1926
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Shanghai, China

Tsung-Dao Lee is a Chinese-American physicist renowned for his work on particle physics, parity violation, soliton stars, nontopological solitons, and the Lee Model. In 1957, he became the third-youngest person to be awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in the science fields; he won the Nobel Prize in Physics. He is also the first Chinese Nobel laureate. 

 9 Zhang Heng

Zhang Heng
Famous As: cartographer, mathematician, astronomer, anthropologist, mechanical engineer, philosopher
Birthdate: 0078 AD
Birthplace: Nanyang
Died: 0139 AD

 10 Shen Kuo

Shen Kuo
Famous As: physicist, cartographer, mathematician, astronomer, poet
Birthdate: 1031 AD
Birthplace: Hangzhou, China
Died: 1095 AD

Shen Kuo was an eleventh century Chinese statesman and polymath, best remembered for authoring Mengxi bitan. Initially employed with central government, he had a successful career before he was banished on false charges, a move that allowed him to produce several scholarly books on mathematics, music, astronomy, calendars, cartography, geology, optics and medicine, out of which many were later purged.

 11 Su Song

Su Song
Famous As: cartographer, civil engineer, astronomer, engineer, diplomat
Birthdate: 1020 AD
Birthplace: Quanzhou
Died: 1101 AD

 12 Andrew Yao

Andrew Yao
Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: December 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Shanghai, China

 13 Xu Guangqi

Xu Guangqi
Famous As: mathematician, astronomer, writer
Birthdate: May 4, 1562
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shanghai
Died: November 8, 1633

 14 Zu Chongzhi

Zu Chongzhi
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 0429 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 0500 AD

Chinese astronomer, engineer, and mathematician Zu Chongzhi is best remembered for calculating near-accurate approximations for π. He rejected the then-prevalent Yuanjia calendar and introduced the Daming calendar instead. He had also worked on the mathematical theory of music, though his writings haven’t survived the test of time.

 15 Li Shizhen

Li Shizhen
Famous As: Chinese scholar
Birthdate: July 3, 1518
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: China
Died: 1593 AD

 16 Fang Lizhi

Fang Lizhi
Famous As: Astrophysicist
Birthdate: February 12, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: April 6, 2012

 17 Liu Hui

Liu Hui
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0225 AD
Birthplace: Zibo, China
Died: 0295 AD

 18 Zhang Zhongjing

Zhang Zhongjing
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0150 AD
Birthplace: Nanyang, China
Died: 0219 AD

Han dynasty physician and inventor Zhang Zhongjing, also known as The Chinese Hippocrates, is remembered for his iconic treatise on the medical practice of his time, Treatise on Febrile and Other Diseases, which later greatly influenced the methods of Chinese traditional medicine. He specialized in the study of typhoid fever.

 19 Yang Hui

Yang Hui
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1238 AD
Birthplace: Qiantang, China
Died: 1298 AD

 20 Wang Chong

Wang Chong
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Shangyu District, Shaoxing, China
Died: 0100 AD

 21 Lap-Chee Tsui

Lap-Chee Tsui
Famous As: Geneticist, University teacher
Birthdate: December 21, 1950
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Shanghai, China

 22 Qin Jiushao

Qin Jiushao
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1202 AD
Birthplace: Puzhou, China
Died: 1261 AD

Chinese mathematician, meteorologist, and writer Qin Jiushao is remembered for developing a method to solve simultaneous linear equations and polynomial equations, mentioned in detail in his only book, Shushu jiuzhang. Though he became the Qiongzhou governor, he was later dismissed for corruption. He had also initially served the army.

 23 Zhu Shijie

Zhu Shijie
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1249 AD
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: 1314 AD

 24 Wei Yuan

Wei Yuan
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: April 23, 1794
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shaoyang, China
Died: March 26, 1857

 25 Jia Xian

Jia Xian
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1010 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1070 AD

 26 Tso-hsin Cheng

Tso-hsin Cheng
Famous As: Ornithologist
Birthdate: November 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fuzhou, China
Died: June 27, 1998

 27 Li Chunfeng

Li Chunfeng
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0602 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 0670 AD

Chinese mathematician and astronomer Li Chunfeng rejected the existing Wuyin calendar and redesigned it later, creating the Linde calendar, using a new armillary sphere, as part of the Imperial Astronomical Bureau. He also wrote several mathematical and historical treatises, apart from contributing to music, metrology, and astrology.

 28 Tao Hongjing

Tao Hongjing
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 0456 AD
Birthplace: Nanjing, China
Died: 0536 AD

 29 Minggantu

Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 1692 AD
Birthplace: Inner Mongolia, China
Died: 1763 AD

 30 Li Ye

Li Ye
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1192 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 1279 AD

 31 Zu Gengzhi

Zu Gengzhi
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0480 AD
Birthplace: Jiankang, China
Died: 0525 AD

 32 Li Shanlan

Li Shanlan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1810 AD
Birthplace: Haining, China
Died: 1882 AD

 33 Jia Lanpo

Jia Lanpo
Famous As: Palaeoanthropologist
Birthdate: November 25, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Yutian County, Hebei, Tangshan, China
Died: July 8, 2001

 34 Li Shaojun

Li Shaojun
Famous As: Chinese Daoist
Birthdate: 0133 AD
Birthplace: China

 35 Wang Xiaotong

Wang Xiaotong
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0580 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 0640 AD

 36 Bei Shizhang

Bei Shizhang
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 10, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Zhenhai District, Ningbo, China
Died: October 29, 2009

 37 Xu Yue

Xu Yue
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Birthplace: Donglai, China
Died: 0227 AD

 38 Mei Juecheng

Mei Juecheng
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 19, 1681
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Xuancheng, China
Died: November 20, 1763

 39 Li Rui

Li Rui
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 8, 1768
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Suzhou, China
Died: June 30, 1817

 40 Zhao Youqin

Zhao Youqin
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: July 26, 1271
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Poyang, China
Died: 1335 AD

 41 Hua Hengfang

Hua Hengfang
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1833 AD
Birthplace: Wuxi, China
Died: 1902 AD

 42 Mei Wending

Mei Wending
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 1633 AD
Birthplace: Xuancheng, China
Died: 1721 AD

 43 Zhi zao Li

Zhi zao Li
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1565 AD
Birthplace: Hangzhou, China
Died: December 1, 1630