Liu Xiaobo was a Chinese activist, literary critic, and philosopher. He is best remembered for organizing campaigns that aimed at ending the one-party rule in China. He was honored with the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle for human rights in China. Liu is the first Chinese citizen to be honored with a Nobel Prize while residing in China.
4 Wang Dan
Uyghur businesswoman and human rights activist Rebiya Kadeer, who was nominated for the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, was initially a housewife. Following her divorce, she opened her laundry business, which developed into a women’s bazaar. She was later arrested for revealing sensitive information but escaped to the U.S.
6 Harry Wu
8 Hu Jia
11 Jiang Kanghu
Jiang Kanghu is remembered for reviving the Chinese Socialist Party and the rebranding it as the Social Democratic Party. Later, when it was revealed that he had been trying to restore the Qing dynasty, he moved to Canada and focused on Confucianism. He was later arrested, and died in prison.