Famous Canadian Inventors & Discoverers

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 1 
James Naismith
(The Inventor of the Game of 'Basketball')
James Naismith
5
Birthdate: November 6, 1861
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Almonte, Mississippi Mills, Canada
Died: November 28, 1939
Canadian-American physician and coach James Naismith is considered as the inventor of basketball. He authored the first basksetball rule book and established the University of Kansas basketball team. He served as the Kansas Jayhawks athletic director and coach, and trained legends such as Adolph Rupp and Dean Smith.
 2 
Elijah McCoy
(American-Canadian inventor)
Elijah McCoy
3
Birthdate: May 2, 1844
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Colchester, Ontario, Canada
Died: October 10, 1929
 3 
Sandford Fleming
(Scottish Canadian Engineer and Inventor of 'Worldwide Standard Time')
Sandford Fleming
4
Birthdate: January 7, 1827
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kirkcaldy, Scotland
Died: July 22, 1915
Hailed as the Father of Standard Time, Canadian engineer ,Sandford Fleming, promoted worldwide standard time zones, a prime meridian, and the use of the 24-hour clock. He also designed Canada's first postage stamp and founded the Royal Canadian Institute in 1849. Fleming gained the reputation as one of the primary railway engineers and was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1897.
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Reginald Aubrey Fessenden
3
Birthdate: October 6, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: East Bolton, Canada
Died: July 22, 1932
 5 
Gerald Bull
(Aerospace engineer, Engineer, Inventor)
Gerald Bull
3
Birthdate: March 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ontario
Died: March 22, 1990

Gerald Vincent Bull was a Canadian artillery expert, known for designing Project Babylon supergun for the Government of Iraq. His idea was to do away with the conventional rockets by firing satellites into orbit from a 156m-long barrel embedded inside a hill. However, his assassination within two years of the start of the project put an end to it.  

Joseph-Armand Bombardier
0
Birthdate: April 16, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Valcourt, Quebec, Canada
Died: February 18, 1964
 7 
James L. Kraft
(Entrepreneur)
James L. Kraft
0
Birthdate: December 11, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stevensville, Fort Erie, Canada
Died: February 16, 1953
 8 
Willard Boyle
(Physicist, Inventor, Photographer)
Willard Boyle
2
Birthdate: August 19, 1924
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Amherst
Died: May 7, 2011

Willard Boyle revolutionized physics with the invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD), which also earned him, and his co-inventor George E. Smith, a Nobel Prize. During his time at Bellcomm, he was associated with the Apollo space program. Both he and Smith worked for Bell Laboratories, too.

 9 
James Hillier
(Canadian-American Scientist and Inventor Known for Commercializing the Electron Microscope)
James Hillier
1
Birthdate: August 22, 1915
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brantford, Ontario, Canada
Died: January 15, 2007

While he initially aspired to be an artist, physicist James Hillier later earned a scholarship to the University of Toronto, where he co-invented the prototype of the first commercial electron microscope. He eventually won 40 patents and was made a Fellow of the American Physical Society.

 10 
Charles Fenerty
(Inventor)
Charles Fenerty
3
Birthdate: 1821
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Upper Sackville, Canada
Died: June 10, 1892

Charles Fenerty was a 19th-century Canadian inventor and poet. He is best remembered for inventing the wood pulp process for paper-making. His invention did not receive much attention in his lifetime and he never took out a patent on it. He was well known as a poet and published numerous poems. He was an extensive traveler as well. 

 11 
Alex Deans
(Alpine skier)
Alex Deans
1
Birthdate: May 1, 1997
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Windsor, Ontario, Canada
 12 
Phil Nuytten
(Diver, Inventors)
Phil Nuytten
0
Birthdate: August 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
 13 
Lawrence A. Hyland
(American Electrical Engineer Who Played an Important Role in the Invention of Radar)
Lawrence A. Hyland
0
Birthdate: August 26, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nova Scotia, Canada
Died: November 24, 1989

Lawrence A. Hyland was an American electrical engineer who made significant contributions that led to the invention of radar. He is best known for turning Hughes Aircraft, which was viewed by Howard Hughes as nothing more than a hobby shop, into one of the world’s best-known technology companies. Hyland also played an important role in the development of doppler radar.