**Birthdate:**June 13, 1966

**Sun Sign:**Gemini

**Birthplace:**Saint Petersburg, Russia

**Fields Medal**and the

**Millennium Prize**. His proof of the

*Poincaré conjecture*was named the

*Breakthrough of the Year*by

**Science**magazine.

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1

Grigori Perelman

(Mathematician)

Russian mathematician Grigori Perelman is best known for his work on geometry, especially Riemannian geometry, geometric analysis, and geometric topology. He declined many prizes, such as the **Fields Medal **and the **Millennium Prize**. His proof of the* Poincaré conjecture* was named the *Breakthrough of the Year* by** Science** magazine.

2

Benoit Mandelbrot

(American Mathematician and Polymath Best Known for Popularizing the Concept of Fractal Geometry)

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Noted mathematician and polymath, Benoit B. Mandelbrot is perhaps best known for his work on *fractal*. He not only coined the term, but also used computer-constructed images to illustrate the mathematical definition. Also credited with the discovery of *Mandelbrot set* and *Mandelbrot law, *he established that even those things which were apparently chaotic or rough had a "degree of order".

3

John Horton Conway

(British Mathematician Known for His Contributions to 'Combinatorial Game Theory (CGT)')

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Remembered as versatile mathematician, game wizard and polymath, John Horton Conway had limitless curiosity, which matched with his scientific originality. Although he is best known for devising the cellular automation called *Game of Life, *he made significant contributions to group theory, number theory, algebra, geometric topology, theoretical physics, combinatorial game theory and geometry. Conway published many outstanding papers in these fields.

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4

Alexander Grothendieck

(French Mathematician and a Pioneer in the Field of 'Modern Algebraic Geometry')

Alexander Grothendieck was a 20th-century mathematician who was a leading figure in the creation of modern algebraic geometry. With his so-called "relative" perspective, he revolutionized many areas of pure mathematics. During his later career, he became a professor at the University of Montpellier. He is counted among the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century.

5

Terence Tao

(One of the Greatest Living Mathematicians Who is Referred to as the 'Mozart of Mathematics')

Terence Tao is an Australian-American mathematician who works at the *University of California, Los Angeles* as a professor of mathematics. Widely considered one of the most prominent living mathematicians, Tao was honored with the prestigious *Fields Medal *in 2006. In 2014, he was awarded the *Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics*.

6

Katherine Johnson

(Mathematician and One of the First African-American Women to Work as a NASA Scientist)

Katherine Johnson was a physicist and mathematician, remembered as the first African-American female **NASA** scientist. Her calculations helped launch the space missions of Alan Shepard and John Glenn. She was crucial to the **Apollo **program and won a **Congressional Gold Medal** and a **Presidential Medal of Freedom** for her achievements.

7

Andrew Wiles

(English Mathematician)

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English mathematician Sir Andrew John Wiles, a **Royal Society** Research Professor at the **University of Oxford**, is best known for proving the *modularity theorem* for semistable elliptic curves, thereby proving *Fermat's Last Theorem* for which he was awarded the *Abel Prize* and the *Copley Medal* by the **Royal Society**. He also** **proved the main conjecture of *Iwasawa theory*.

8

Hilary Putnam

(Mathematician, Philosopher)

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9

Roger Penrose

(English Mathematician, Mathematical Physicist and Winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize for Physics)

Roger Penrose’s contribution to the research related to the black hole and general relativity earned him the **Nobel Prize in Physics** in 2020. The **Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics** at **Oxford**, Roger is also a fellow of **Wadham College**, **St John's College** of **Cambridge**, and **University College London**.

10

Mary Jackson

(Mathematician)

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American mathematician and aerospace engineer Mary Jackson went down in history as the first African-American woman to work as a **NASA **engineer. Initially a math teacher, she later joined** NACA** under Dorothy Vaughan and contributed to countless American space programs at a time when racial segregation was the norm.

11

Freeman Dyson

(Mathematician)

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Freeman Dyson was a British-American theoretical and mathematical physicist, mathematician, and statistician. He made major contributions in the fields of quantum field theory, astrophysics, random matrices, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. He originated the concept that went on to be known as Dyson's transform. He received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement in 1986.

12

Donald Knuth

(Mathematician and Computer Scientist Known for His Multivolume Series of Books “The Art of Computer Programming”)

Mathematician and computer scientist Donald Ervin Knuth is best known for his contribution to the development of the rigorous analysis of the computational complexity of algorithms. Also the creator of the TeX computer typesetting system as well as the WEB and CWEB computer programming systems, he has published twenty books, most significant among them being *The Art of Computer Programming*.

13

James Harris Simons

(Mathematicians & Hedge Fund Manager)

The son of a shoe factory owner, mathematician-turned-hedge-fund-manager James Harris Simons studied math at **MIT** and helped the U.S. break codes during the Vietnam War. He later founded his own hedge fund firm, **Renaissance Technologies**. He supports autism research and funds **Math for America**. In 2021, he was America’s 23rd-richest person.

14

Michael Atiyah

(British-Lebanese Mathematician Who was the Co-Founder of 'Topological K-Theory')

Recipient of *Fields Medal* and *Abel Prize*, British-Lebanese mathematician Michael Atiyah emerged as a leading figure in the UK mathematics during the latter half of the 20th century. He specialised in geometry and made remarkable contributions in the fields of geometry, theoretical physics, topology and global analysis, and is best known for proving the *Atiyah–Singer index theorem* with Isadore Singer.

15

Manjul Bhargava

(Mathematician)

16

Cédric Villani

(French Politician and Mathematician)

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*Fields Medal-*winning French politician and mathematician Cédric Villani works mainly on mathematical physics, partial differential equations and Riemannian geometry. He serves as Member of the National Assembly for Essonne's 5th constituency, after being elected during the 2017 legislative election. He was a member of **La République En Marche!** but defected later to form the political party **Ecology, Democracy, Solidarity**.

17

Peter Scholze

(German Mathematician)

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18

Leslie Lamport

(Mathematician, Computer scientist, Programmer, Engineer, Writer)

28

15

19

Dorothy Vaughan

(American Mathematician, Human Computer and the First African-American to Receive Promotion as Supervisor in NASA)

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American mathematician Dorothy Vaughan was also known as a "human computer." Initially a math teacher, she became the first African-American supervisor of **NACA**, later part of **NASA**, at a time when racial segregation was rampant in the U.S. Her contribution to the early American space programs is invaluable.

20

Marvin Minsky

(Mathematician, Computer scientist, University teacher)

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21

Maryam Mirzakhani

(First Iranian to Be Honored With the ‘Fields Medal’, the Most Prestigious Award in Mathematics)

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Maryam Mirzakhani was an Iranian mathematician best remembered for her innovative methods and research involving different branches of mathematics like symplectic geometry and ergodic theory. On 13 August 2014, she became the first Iranian and only woman to date to be honored with the prestigious **Fields Medal***.* Maryam Mirzakhani died of breast cancer when she was 40 years old.

22

Akshay Venkatesh

(Australian Mathematician, Child Prodigy Who Won Both Physics and Mathematical Olympiad at the Age of 12)

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11

Akshay Venkatesh is an Australian mathematician who became only the second person of Indian origin and the second Australian to win the prestigious* ***Fields Medal***, *which is also referred to as the* ***Nobel Prize for Math**. He won the medal in 2018 for his synthesis of representation theory, analytic number theory, topology, and homogeneous dynamics.

23

Lotfi A. Zadeh

(Mathematician and Computer Scientist)

26

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24

Edward Witten

(Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher, Theoretical physicist)

38

23

American mathematical and theoretical physicist Edward Witten is regarded as the practical founder of *M-theory*. His proof of positive energy theorem led him to become the first physicist who received the *Fields Medal* by **International Mathematical Union**. His research works mainly include the areas of string theory, supersymmetric quantum field theories and quantum gravity, besides other areas of mathematical physics.

25

Edward O. Thorp

(Mathematician, Writer, University teacher)

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26

Shing-Tung Yau

(Chinese-American Mathematician)

31

13

27

William J. Perry

(Mathematician)

21

13

28

Adi Shamir

(Mathematician, Cryptologist, Computer scientist)

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12

**Turing Award**-winning Israeli cryptographer Adi Shamir is one of the co-inventors of RSA encryption. He also owns patents to more than a dozen more inventions. He has been associated with the **University of Warwick** and the **Massachusetts Institute of Technology**, and has also taught at the **Weizmann Institute.**

29

Richard Hamilton (Mathematician)

(Known for Contributions to Geometric Analysis & Partial Differential Equations.)

29

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30

Kenneth Arrow

(Eonomist)

31

John Wilder Tukey

(Mathematician)

23

16

32

Whitfield Diffie

(Cryptographer and one of the pioneers of public-key cryptography along with Martin Hellman and Ralph Merkle)

29

15

33

David Berlinski

(philosopher, mathematician, university teacher)

21

12

34

Edward Norton Lorenz

(US Meteorologist and Mathematician Who Proposed the 'Chaos Theory')

22

8

US meteorologist and mathematician Edward Norton Lorenz is remembered for proposing concepts such as the *chaos theory/deterministic chaos* and *the* *butterfly effect*. He also laid down the *Lorenz 96* model. The **Kyoto Prize** winner was associated with the **Massachusetts Institute of Technology** throughout his research career.

35

Johan Galtung

(Writer, Sociologist)

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11

Johan Galtung is a Norwegian sociologist best known as the founder of a social science field called *peace and conflict studies. *He is also credited with founding the *Peace Research Institute Oslo* where he served as the director from 1959 to 1970. Renowned for his contribution to political science, economics, and history, Galtung won the* Right Livelihood Award *in 1987.

36

Alan Sokal

(Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher)

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**New York University **physics professor Alan Sokal made headlines for creating what is now known as the *Sokal Hoax*. He wrote gibberish using flowery jargon and submitted it to the journal *Social Text*, which published it as postmodernist criticism, thus proving the lack of credibility of such journals.

37

Stephen Wolfram

(Mathematician, Physicist, Computer scientist, Businessperson, University teacher, Patent inventor, Writer)

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Stephen Wolfram is a British-American computer scientist, physicist, and businessman, best known for his work in computer science, mathematics, and theoretical physics. He is a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. As a businessman, he is the founder and CEO of Wolfram Research, a software company.

38

Daniel J. Bernstein

(Mathematician, Cryptologist, Programmer, University teacher, Computer scientist)

18

13

39

John Lennox

(mathematician, philosopher of science, university teacher)

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15

Apart from being an ace mathematician, John Lennox has also taught at institutes such as** Oxford** and is an emeritus fellow at **Green Templeton College**. A Christian apologist, too, he has penned books, such as *Can Science Explain Everything?*, exploring diverse topics, such as religion and artificial intelligence.

40

Natan Sharansky

(Politician, Writer, Mathematician, Human rights activist)

16

12

A well-known human rights activist, Natan Sharansky not just campaigned for the rights of the Jews and spent 9 years in a prison in Siberia, but was also a chess prodigy, who was a champion at age 14. He has also penned books and won multiple awards.

41

Mark Adler

(Mathematician, Physicist, Computer scientist)

17

8

42

Shinichi Mochizuki

(Japanese Mathematician Who Is Known for His Contribution to Anabelian Geometry)

20

11

Known as the* Japanese Perelman*, mathematician Shinichi Mochizuki is known for his work on number theory and arithmetic geometry and for his contribution to anabelian geometry. His proof of the *ABC Conjecture* was met with criticism by fellow mathematicians Peter Scholze and Jakob Stix, leading to a major controversy.

43

Fred Brooks

(Mathematician, Computer scientist, Engineer, University teacher)

17

8

44

Marcus du Sautoy

(Mathematician, Academic, University teacher, Writer)

18

8

45

Bruce Schneier

(Cryptographer, Mathematician, Computer scientist)

24

9

46

Ruth Lawrence

(Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher)

19

11

47

Ronald Graham

(American Mathematician)

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9

48

John Urschel

(Canadian-American Mathematician, Former Professional Football Guard and Centre)

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Part of the 2017 **Forbes 30 Under 30** list of young scientists, Canadian-American mathematician John Urschel has previously had an illustrious football career as part of the **NFL** team **Baltimore Ravens**. He played with the **Ravens **without revealing that he was a full-time graduate student at **MIT**.

49

Seymour Papert

(South African-Born American Mathematician and Computer Scientist Who Co-Invented Logo)

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South African-born American mathematician and computer scientist Seymour Papert is best remembered for co-inventing the computer programming language **Logo**, which is also an educational tool. He was part of the faculty at **MIT** and was known for his pioneering research on children’s learning processes, the constructionist movement, and AI.

50

Jean-Pierre Serre

(Mathematician, Topologist, Professor)

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