Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was a former Soviet premier who was instrumental in provoking the Cuban Missile Crisis that brought the Soviet Union and the United States at the brink of the nuclear war. He was born in a poor family of Ukrainian peasants and faced many hardships in his early life. After doing several small jobs in the industrialized area of Russia, he began his political career as secretary of the Communist party in school. It did not take much time for him to rise in the party; his involvement in the party and the Red Army led him to become one of the prominent members of the party. He was a close ally of Joseph Stalin, but after his death he became involved in reformation also known as ‘De-Stalinisation’. After the death of Stalin, he rose to power overthrowing all the other leaders of the party. The efforts however, led to an intense power struggle and the communist party members did not take this lying down. Khrushchev era saw the progress of the early Soviet space program, and several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. His political moves resulted in the Cuban Missile Crisis and brought the United States and Soviet on the verge of a nuclear war. In 1964, he was forced by his party colleagues to relinquish power.
- Khrushchev was born on April 15, 1894, in Kalinovka, Ukraine, to Sergei and Ksenia Khrushcheva who were peasants. He also had a sister, Irina.Working as a herder from a very young age, he received school education for just four years at the village parochial school and then at the Kalinovka’s state school.In 1908, he moved to Yuzovka, following his father. The city was one of the most industrially developed regions of the Russian empire and Khrushchev found a job as a metal fitter’s apprentice.Soon, his apprenticeship ended and he was now working as a machine repairman in the coal mines of the Yuzovka region. He worked here for almost a decade.Career
- He joined the Communist party in 1918, when he was 24 years old. Being a communist, he fought in the civil war by enrolling in the Red Army, which was going on at that time.The Russian revolution was storming the country and Red Army or the Bolsheviks overthrew the Czarist rule of Russia under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin. The civil war broke out and Khrushchev was in service for three years during the war.Then, he returned to Tuzovka and took up a job as an assistant manager of a mine. Very soon, he joined the Donets Industrial Institute run by the Soviet (Communist ruling party) and received more training in communist ruling.At the institute, he was appointed as the secretary of Communist Party Committee. After graduating in 1925, he started serving as a secretary of the Petrovsko-Mariinsk district of Yuzovka. It was here, he grew close to Lazar M. Kaganovich, a trusted associate of Joseph Stalin.He attended the Industrial Academy in Moscow in 1929 for two years. He was trained in industrial administration. Soon, became a district party secretary in Moscow.During the course of next four years, he became an important man in the party, joining hands with highest ranked party officials. He was now the head of the party organization of Moscow.In 1938, he became the first secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party, when most of the party members were eliminated by Stalin. In this role, he, in fact, became the chief executive of Ukraine and was in authority until 1949.At the same time, the World War II progressed and Khrushchev served in the Red Army advancing to the rank of lieutenant general.In 1949, he was ordered to be in Moscow to serve in the Communist party’s Secretariat which was directed by Stalin.After the death of Stalin in 1953, he was one of the party members who assumed almost all of the power and soon he was appointed as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party.It took almost two years for him to find his supporters in the party and make important political alliances, following which he became the top most political figure in the Soviet Union in the year 1955.He became the chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1958, proving his importance in the politics of the Soviet Union while being the first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee and thus the head of the party.After the escalation of the cold war in 1960 and on the verge of nuclear war with United States in 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, Khrushchev’s fortunes took a down slide.Following the unrest due to his policies and other national setbacks, he was forced to resign in October, 1964. He spent a quiet life in Moscow after his retirement.Awards & Achievements
- During his term in the Red Army of the Soviet Union, Khrushchev won several honours like Hero of Socialist Labour, Order of Lenin (twice) and Order of the Patriotic War.Personal Life & Legacy
- Khrushchev’s first marriage was with Yefrosinia Pisareva in 1914. The couple had a daughter, Yulia and a son, Leonid. Pisareva passed away due to a famine.In 1922, he married Marusia, but the marriage did not last long. After separating from Marusia, he met Nina Petrovna Kukharchuk registering their marriage only in 1965. They had three children: two daughters, Rada and Elena and a son, Sergei.Khrushchev died of a heart attack on September 11, 1971, in Moscow and was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, after the Russian government refused to offer him a state funeral.
How To CiteArticle Title- Nikita Khrushchev BiographyAuthor- Editors @ TheFamousPeople.comWebsite Name- TheFamousPeople.comURLLast Updated- February 11, 2015
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