List of famous French philosophers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Human lives are undoubtedly filled with infinite complexities. Philosophy can be termed as a study of such complexities revolving around our lives, and an attempt to deal with them better. Many countries around the world have produced great philosophers, who have influenced the world with their thoughts, and like any other country France has its own list of great philosophers. 'Prejudices are what fools use for reason', is one such famous saying by French writer and philosopher, Voltaire. Philosophy makes a positive impact on human beings, since it changes their approach towards life. Philosophy has also indirectly paved way for better literature, since many writers started weaving their tales around philosophical theories.  Over the years France has produced some of the greatest thinkers comprising of names such as Peter Abelard, Pierre d'Ailly, Émile Chartier and Ferdinand Alquié. Some of the famous works of these individuals include ‘Petit Traité d'Harmonie pour les aveugles’, ‘Logica Ingredientibus’ and ‘Histoire littéraire de la France’. Here we bring you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous French philosophers. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

VoltaireVoltaire

21 November 1694

30 May 1778

Paris

Scorpio

René DéscartesRené Déscartes

31 March 1596

11 February 1650

La Haye en Touraine, Touraine, France

Aries

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau

28 June 1712

02 July 1778

Geneva

Cancer

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault

15 October 1926

25 June 1984

Poitiers

Libra

Albert CamusAlbert Camus

07 November 1913

04 January 1960

Dréan

Scorpio

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre

21 June 1905

15 April 1980

Paris

Gemini

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal

19 June 1623

19 August 1662

Clermont-Ferrand,, Auvergne, France

Gemini

Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim

15 April 1858

15 November 1917

Épinal

Aries

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu

18 January 1689

10 February 1755

Château de la Brède, La Brède, Aquitaine, France

Capricorn

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir

09 January 1908

14 April 1986

Paris

Capricorn

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida

15 July 1930

09 October 2004

El Biar, French Algeria

Cancer

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

05 September 1857

Montpellier, France

Capricorn

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes

12 November 1915

25 March 1980

Cherbourg-Octeville

Scorpio

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne

28 February 1533

13 September 1592

Château de Montaigne

Pisces

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer

14 January 1875

04 September 1965

Kaysersberg

Capricorn

Henri BergsonHenri Bergson

18 October 1859

04 January 1941

Paris

Libra

Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin

01 May 1881

10 April 1955

Orcines

Taurus

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

28 March 1794

Ribemont, France

Virgo

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert

16 November 1717

29 October 1783

Paris

Scorpio

Hugh of Saint-CherHugh of Saint-Cher

1200 AD

19 March 1263

Vienne, Isère

Olympe de GougesOlympe de Gouges

07 May 1748

03 November 1793

Montauban

Taurus

Pierre BourdieuPierre Bourdieu

01 August 1930

23 January 2002

Denguin

Leo

Jacques LacanJacques Lacan

13 April 1901

09 September 1981

Paris

Aries

Jean BaudrillardJean Baudrillard

27 July 1929

06 March 2007

Reims, France

Leo

Gilles DeleuzeGilles Deleuze

18 January 1925

04 November 1995

Paris

Capricorn

René GirardRené Girard

25 December 1923

04 November 2015

Avignon

Capricorn

Louis AlthusserLouis Althusser

16 October 1918

22 October 1990

Algeria

Libra

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto

15 July 1848

19 August 1923

Paris

Cancer

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon

15 January 1809

19 January 1865

Besançon

Capricorn

Jacques EllulJacques Ellul

06 January 1912

19 May 1994

Bordeaux

Capricorn

Guy DebordGuy Debord

28 December 1931

30 November 1994

Paris

Capricorn

Maurice Merleau-PontyMaurice Merleau-Ponty

14 March 1908

03 May 1961

Rochefort

Pisces

Alain BadiouAlain Badiou

17 January 1937

Rabat

Capricorn

Charles FourierCharles Fourier

07 April 1772

10 October 1837

Besançon

Aries

Julia KristevaJulia Kristeva

24 June 1941

Sliven

Cancer

Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille

10 September 1897

09 July 1962

Billom

Virgo

Henri LefebvreHenri Lefebvre

16 June 1901

29 June 1991

Hagetmau

Gemini

Bruno LatourBruno Latour

22 June 1947

Beaune

Cancer

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet

André GlucksmannAndré Glucksmann

19 June 1937

10 November 2015

Boulogne-Billancourt

Gemini

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray

03 May 1930

Bernissart

Taurus

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard

10 August 1924

21 April 1998

Versailles

Leo

Emil CioranEmil Cioran

08 April 1911

20 June 1995

Rășinari

Aries

Emmanuel LevinasEmmanuel Levinas

12 January 1906

25 December 1995

Kaunas

Capricorn

Eliphas LeviEliphas Levi

08 February 1810

31 May 1875

Paris

Aquarius

Allan KardecAllan Kardec

03 October 1804

31 March 1869

Lyon

Libra

Marcel MaussMarcel Mauss

10 May 1872

10 February 1950

Épinal

Taurus

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon

07 May 1841

13 December 1931

Nogent-le-Rotrou

Taurus

Ernest RenanErnest Renan

27 February 1823

02 October 1892

Tréguier

Pisces

Jean BodinJean Bodin

1529 AD

1596 AD

Angers

Arthur de GobineauArthur de Gobineau

14 July 1816

13 October 1882

Ville-d'Avray

Cancer

Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis

11 March 1922

26 December 1997

Istanbul

Pisces

Michel OnfrayMichel Onfray

01 January 1959

Argentan

Capricorn

Jacques MaritainJacques Maritain

18 November 1882

28 April 1973

Paris

Scorpio

Michel de CerteauMichel de Certeau

17 May 1925

10 January 1986

Chambéry

Taurus

Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche

06 August 1638

13 October 1715

Paris

Leo

George SteinerGeorge Steiner

23 April 1929

Paris

Taurus

Gaston BachelardGaston Bachelard

27 June 1884

16 October 1962

Bar-sur-Aube

Cancer

Tzvetan TodorovTzvetan Todorov

01 March 1939

07 February 2017

Sofia

Pisces

Maurice BlanchotMaurice Blanchot

22 September 1907

20 February 2003

France

Virgo

Gabriel MarcelGabriel Marcel

07 December 1889

08 October 1973

Paris

Sagittarius

Félix GuattariFélix Guattari

30 April 1930

29 August 1992

Villeneuve-les-Sablons

Taurus

Paul VirilioPaul Virilio

04 January 1932

Paris

Capricorn

Raymond AronRaymond Aron

14 March 1905

17 October 1983

Paris

Pisces

Pierre BaylePierre Bayle

18 November 1647

28 December 1706

Carla-Bayle

Scorpio

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay

04 June 1694

16 December 1774

Méré

Gemini

Alain de BenoistAlain de Benoist

11 December 1943

Saint-Symphorien

Sagittarius

Bernard StieglerBernard Stiegler

01 April 1952

Sarcelles

Aries

Jean de La BruyèreJean de La Bruyère

16 August 1645

11 May 1696

Paris

Leo

Georges SorelGeorges Sorel

02 November 1847

29 August 1922

Cherbourg

Scorpio

Alain FinkielkrautAlain Finkielkraut

30 June 1949

Paris

Cancer

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi

22 January 1592

24 October 1655

Champtercier

Aquarius

Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant

25 October 1767

10 December 1830

Lausanne

Scorpio

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane

14 November 1898

02 October 1944

Iași

Scorpio

Nicole OresmeNicole Oresme

1320 AD

11 July 1382

Fleury-sur-Orne, France

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne

08 September 1588

01 September 1648

Oizé

Virgo

Jean-Luc NancyJean-Luc Nancy

26 July 1940

Bordeaux

Leo

Jacques BarzunJacques Barzun

30 November 1907

25 October 2012

Créteil

Sagittarius

Étienne GilsonÉtienne Gilson

13 June 1884

19 September 1978

Paris

Gemini

Jean-Luc MarionJean-Luc Marion

03 July 1946

Meudon

Cancer

Edgar MorinEdgar Morin

08 July 1921

Paris

Cancer

Michel HenryMichel Henry

10 January 1922

03 July 2002

Haiphong

Capricorn

Bernard Le Bovier de FontenelleBernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle

11 February 1657

09 January 1757

Rouen

Aquarius

Jean BuridanJean Buridan

1295 AD

1363 AD

Béthune

Louis Auguste BlanquiLouis Auguste Blanqui

08 February 1805

01 January 1881

Puget-Théniers

Aquarius

Maurice HalbwachsMaurice Halbwachs

11 March 1877

16 March 1945

Reims

Pisces

Claude Adrien HelvétiusClaude Adrien Helvétius

26 January 1715

26 December 1771

Paris

Aquarius

Michel SerresMichel Serres

01 September 1930

Agen

Virgo

Quentin MeillassouxQuentin Meillassoux

26 October 1967

Paris

Scorpio

James Mark BaldwinJames Mark Baldwin

12 January 1861

08 November 1934

Columbia

Capricorn

Jean RostandJean Rostand

30 October 1894

04 September 1977

Paris

Scorpio

Louis Gabriel Ambroise de BonaldLouis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald

02 October 1754

23 November 1840

Millau

Libra

GersonidesGersonides

1288 AD

28 April 1344

Bagnols-sur-Cèze

Étienne BalibarÉtienne Balibar

23 April 1942

Avallon

Taurus

Raphaël EnthovenRaphaël Enthoven

09 November 1975

Paris

Scorpio

Joseph JoubertJoseph Joubert

07 May 1754

04 May 1824

Montignac

Taurus

Étienne Bonnot de CondillacÉtienne Bonnot de Condillac

30 September 1715

03 August 1780

Grenoble

Libra

Roger GaraudyRoger Garaudy

17 July 1913

13 June 2012

Marseille

Cancer

Julien BendaJulien Benda

26 December 1867

07 June 1956

Paris

Capricorn

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