List of famous French mathematicians with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Mathematicians, from around the globe, have played a significant role in the world development as we see it today. And French mathematicians form the nucleus of the group, for it is to them that we have the foundation of algebra, probability, statistics and calculus theory laid. Rene Descartes gave the world algebraic notations of x, y, z and a, b, c to unknown and known quantities and a theory in analytical geometry. Pierre de Fermat played an influential role in infinitesimal calculus, probability, optics and analytic geometry. It was Laplace’s work on probability and statistics theories that ignited further research. Had it not been for Blaise Pascal, we would not have the mechanical calculator that we use today in our day-to-day life! It was French mathematician, Joseph Fourier who gave the world the ‘Fourier Series’. Andre Weil was responsible for discovering the connection between number theory and algebraic geometry. Who can forget Adrien-Marie Legendre who not just invented the Legendre polynomials and Legendre transformation but worked on many important concepts in mathematics? And did you know that French mathematician Agustin Louis Cauchy first developed the rules and definition for mathematics? With this section, explore in details the life and works of French mathematicians.
René DéscartesRené Déscartes

31 March 1596

11 February 1650

La Haye en Touraine, Touraine, France

Aries

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal

19 June 1623

19 August 1662

Clermont-Ferrand,, Auvergne, France

Gemini

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace

23 March 1749

05 March 1827

Beaumont-en-Auge

Aries

Henri PoincareHenri Poincare

29 April 1854

17 July 1912

Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France

Taurus

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat

17 August 1601

12 January 1665

Beaumont-de-Lomagne

Leo

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

16 May 1830

Auxerre, Burgundy, Kingdom of France (now in Yonne, France)

Aries

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois

25 October 1811

31 May 1832

Bourg-la-Reine, French Empire

Scorpio

Alexander GrothendieckAlexander Grothendieck

28 March 1928

13 November 2014

Berlin, Prussia, Germany

Aries

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

28 March 1794

Ribemont, France

Virgo

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy

21 August 1789

23 May 1857

Paris

Leo

Sophie GermainSophie Germain

01 April 1776

27 June 1831

Paris

Aries

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

07 September 1707

16 April 1788

Montbard

Virgo

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre

18 September 1752

10 January 1833

Paris, France

Virgo

Andre WeilAndre Weil

06 May 1906

06 August 1998

Paris, France

Taurus

Charles HermiteCharles Hermite

24 December 1822

14 January 1901

Dieuze

Capricorn

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere

20 January 1775

10 June 1836

Parish of St. Nizier, Lyon, France

Capricorn

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert

16 November 1717

29 October 1783

Paris

Scorpio

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot

20 November 1924

14 October 2010

Warsaw

Scorpio

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

10 April 1813

Turin

Aquarius

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot

01 June 1796

24 August 1832

Paris

Gemini

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson

21 June 1781

25 April 1840

Pithiviers

Gemini

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani

05 October 1973

Brive-la-Gaillarde

Libra

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre

26 May 1667

27 November 1754

Vitry-le-François

Gemini

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot

13 May 1753

02 August 1823

Nolay

Taurus

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles

12 November 1746

07 April 1823

Beaugency

Scorpio

Raymond QueneauRaymond Queneau

21 February 1903

25 October 1976

Le Havre

Pisces

Léon WalrasLéon Walras

16 December 1834

05 January 1910

Évreux

Sagittarius

Jean-Pierre SerreJean-Pierre Serre

15 September 1926

Bages

Virgo

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi

22 January 1592

24 October 1655

Champtercier

Aquarius

François AragoFrançois Arago

26 February 1786

02 October 1853

Estagel

Pisces

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier

11 March 1811

23 September 1877

Saint-Lô

Pisces

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne

08 September 1588

01 September 1648

Oizé

Virgo

Élie CartanÉlie Cartan

Mikhail Leonidovich GromovMikhail Leonidovich Gromov

23 December 1943

Boksitogorsk

Capricorn

Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly

15 September 1736

12 November 1793

Paris

Virgo

Maxim KontsevichMaxim Kontsevich

25 August 1964

Khimki

Virgo

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue

28 June 1875

26 July 1942

Beauvais

Cancer

Serge LangSerge Lang

19 May 1927

12 September 2005

Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Taurus

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge

09 May 1746

28 July 1818

Beaune

Taurus

Bernard Le Bovier de FontenelleBernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle

11 February 1657

09 January 1757

Rouen

Aquarius

Jacques HadamardJacques Hadamard

08 December 1865

17 October 1963

Versailles

Sagittarius

Laurent SchwartzLaurent Schwartz

05 March 1915

04 July 2002

Paris

Pisces

Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis

17 July 1698

27 July 1759

Saint-Malo

Cancer

Louis BachelierLouis Bachelier

11 March 1870

26 April 1946

Le Havre

Pisces

Émile BorelÉmile Borel

07 January 1871

03 February 1956

Saint-Affrique

Capricorn

Camille JordanCamille Jordan

05 January 1838

22 January 1922

Lyon

Capricorn

Alain ConnesAlain Connes

01 April 1947

Draguignan

Aries

Antoine Augustin CournotAntoine Augustin Cournot
Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot

21 April 1774

03 February 1862

Paris

Taurus

Jean Léonard Marie PoiseuilleJean Léonard Marie Poiseuille

22 April 1797

26 December 1869

Paris

Taurus

Jacques TitsJacques Tits

12 August 1930

Uccle

Leo

Joseph LiouvilleJoseph Liouville
Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut

Pierre BézierPierre Bézier

01 September 1910

25 November 1999

Paris

Virgo

René ThomRené Thom

02 September 1923

25 October 2002

Montbéliard

Virgo

Jean-Victor PonceletJean-Victor Poncelet

Charles Marie de La CondamineCharles Marie de La Condamine

Édouard LucasÉdouard Lucas
Jean-Robert ArgandJean-Robert Argand

Michel ChaslesMichel Chasles
Gaspard-Gustave de CoriolisGaspard-Gustave de Coriolis

Jacques Philippe Marie BinetJacques Philippe Marie Binet

Olinde RodriguesOlinde Rodrigues

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Gabriel LaméGabriel Lamé

Michel RolleMichel Rolle
Jean-Charles de BordaJean-Charles de Borda

Pierre BouguerPierre Bouguer

Émile PicardÉmile Picard

Jacques Charles François SturmJacques Charles François Sturm
Alexandre-Théophile VandermondeAlexandre-Théophile Vandermonde

Joseph SauveurJoseph Sauveur
Gaspard de PronyGaspard de Prony

Giovanni CassiniGiovanni Cassini

08 June 1625

14 September 1712

Perinaldo, Republic of Genova

Gemini

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